- Uterine Myomas (also known as fibroids) are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. While uterine myomas are not associated with an increased risk of cancer, myomas may cause severe pelvic pain as well as heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged menstrual periods, frequent urination, and back pain. Medications that help regulate hormones may help to shrink myomas, but in some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the myoma.
- Uterine Prolapse occurs when pelvic floor muscles and ligaments stretch and weaken, providing inadequate support for the uterus. The uterus then slips down into or in more severe cases, protrudes out of the vagina. In some cases, surgery may be necessary. Often a hysterectomy may be performed to remove the uterus.
- Ovarian Cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time during their lives, but usually they do not cause any symptoms. However, in some cases, ovarian cysts may grow quite large and cause pelvic pain, menstrual irregularities, urinary frequency, and nausea. While the majority of cysts disappear on their own without treatment, in some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst.